Archive for February 15, 2010

“Why the 2010 Election Automation is a “Disaster Waiting to Happen”

Remember, in manual voting, each of these positions are simply printed, with an underlined space on which the voter writes his choices. In the automated system, where both voting and canvass is done through a printed ballot fed into a machine, voters will need to shade an oval space beside the printed names of each of the candidates of each of these positions. So the ballot will contain some 300 names of persons or parties. Go figure how this can be done.

In the manual system official ballot, the fonts used are probably 24. In the automated system, will they use font 8? That will make it extremely difficult for senior citizens with poor eyesight, and worse for those who have not been properly initiated into the new system, as in the country’s hinterlands and islands where the Comelec’s “massive” information program may not connect. The ridiculous alternative is to use large font, but that would make the ballot as long as two meters.

With over 11 billion pesos allotted for the election automation process, you’d think the COMELEC would’ve insisted on touch-screen machines, as well as the back-ups needed to keep them going in case of power blackouts or what not. A touch-screen machine can present the list of over 300 candidates in a more manageable manner, by separating the list into pages, showing the list of presidential candidates first, the VP candidates next, etc. (Although making a user jump through more virtual pages creates its own share of problems, it’s still less confusing than a large paper ballot with tiny names and ovals) A touch-screen machine can also print out votes, as a hard copy back-up in case the data on the system becomes compromised.

Admittedly, these kind of machines can be intimidating (I’ve actually seen people who’ve seen a computer for the first time literally shake in the presence of one), which is why Banayo’s other point—has proper testing been done?—is equally crucial: “Has Comelec done a time and motion simulation, using, not James Vergara or some disciple of Garcillano in Intramuros, but Juan de la Cruz from Isla Puting Bato and Petra Dalosig from Lakewood in Zamboanga del Sur?”

Exactly. Based on Banayo’s writings, it’s clear that the current election automation system has potential flaws that make disaster likely, and that fact isn’t helped by the COMELEC’s apparent lack of usability testing. Even if the COMELEC can’t or won’t require the election automation provider to provide usability testing, they can learn a lot online:

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How much alcohol do teens use?

Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by teenagers in the United States. About half of junior high and senior high school students drink alcohol on a monthly basis, and 14% of teens have been intoxicated at least once in the past year. Nearly 8% of teens who drink say they drink at least five or more alcoholic drinks in a row (binge drink).

What are the dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens?

Just a few of the many dangerous effects of alcohol use in teens include the following:

  • Alcohol decreases teens’ ability to pay attention.
  • The younger a person is when they begin drinking, the more likely they are to develop a problem with alcohol.
  • Each year, almost 2000 people under the age of 21 years died in car crashes in which underage drinking is involved. Alcohol is involved in nearly half of all violent deaths involving teens.
  • More than three times the number of eighth-grade girls who drink heavily said they have attempted suicide compared to girls in that grade who do not drink.
  • Teens that drink are more likely to engage in sexual activity, have unprotected sex, or have sex with a stranger.
  • Excess alcohol use can cause or mask other emotional problems, like anxiety or depression.
  • Drinking in excess can lead to the use of other drugs, like marijuana, cocaine, or heroin.

Life’s Lessons

  • Money doesn’t bring you happiness, but it enables you to look for it in more places.
  • Your conscience may not keep you from doing wrong, but it sure keeps you from enjoying it.
  • Middle age is when broadness of the mind and narrowness of the waist change places.
  • Misers aren’t much fun to live with, but they make great ancestors.
  • Be careful what rut you choose. You may be in it the rest of your life.
  • Opportunities always look bigger going than coming.
  • The real reason you can’t take it with you is that it goes before you do.
  • A person who can smile when things go wrong has found someone to blame it on.
  • Money isn’t everything….there’s credit cards, money orders, and travelers checks.
  • Some people are like blisters. They don’t show up until the work is done.
  • A true friend is one that lets his grass grow as tall as his neighbor’s.
  • A baby-sitter is a teenager acting like an adult while the adults are out acting like teenagers.
  • If you don’t know where you’re going, you’re never lost.
  • Experience is a wonderful thing. It enables you to recognize a mistake when you make it again.
  • You are Worthy.
  • Do not undermine your worth by comparing yourself to others. It is because we are different that each of us is special.
  • To not set your goals by what other people deem important. Only you know what is best for you.
  • Do not take for granted the things closest to your heart. Cling to them as you would your life, for without them, life is meaningless.
  • Do not let your life slip through your fingers by living in the past nor for the future.
  • By living your life one day at a time, you live all the days of your life.
  • Do not give up when you still have something to give.
  • Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying.
  • It is a fragile thread that binds us to each other. Do not be afraid to encounter risks.
  • It is by taking chances that we learn how to be brave.
  • Do not shut love out of your life by saying it is impossible to find.
  • The quickest way to receive love is to give love;
  • The fastest way to lose love is too hold it too tightly;
  • In addition, the best way to keep love is to give it wings.
  • Do not dismiss your dreams. To be without dreams is to be without hope; To be without hope is to be without purpose.
  • Do not run through life so fast that you forget not only where you have been, but also where you are going. Life is not a race, but a journey to be savored each step of the way.

Teenage Pregnancy:Our Fault or Their Fault?

“HUMAYO KAYO AT MAGPAKARAMI!!”
GOD says to NOAH after the great flood.What does HE really means to that word?Does He mean to multiply in flesh or spread people’s faith.
That quote from the bible has been the excuse of Catholicism for not using contraception and banning abortion.
Even sexual education.

We have to be realistic in life,staying virgin until you got married is very impossible to happen these days.
Teenagers in 21st century are very impulsive and very eager to try new things and stuff.
We are civilized people yet we pretend to be ignorant when it comes to SEX.Ignorant that our teenage children may have the possibilities to be engaged in sexual activity by the time they reached the age of 16,or even younger.
We FILIPINOS lacks of knowledge when it comes to contraception and often dismissed our children when they asked question about it.
We are very confident that our teenage children will never be engaged in sexual activity because they are too young and we teach them values about GOD.

WRONG…

Teenagers are easy to encourage as they lack of experience and very eager to do things that may seem new to them.

My point is,why catholics banned sexual education when the vision of this education is how to prevent unwanted pregnancy by the means of contraception.Sex education does’nt encourage teenagers to get pregnant and have an abortion afterwards,right??

And in my opinion,it’s up to teenager’s choice whether to have an abortion or not.Why does she have to continue on pregnancy if she is unable to provide her baby’s basic needs because she’s still studying.

To anyone who will read this article,I dare asked you:IS IT OUR FAULT THAT WE,ELDERS
DID’NT TEACHED THEM ANYTHING ABOUT SEX?OR,THEIR FAULT FOR BEING UNABLE TO CONTROL THEIR LUST?

Actually we have our own insights in everything that happen to us,,, Teenage Pregnancy:Our Fault or Their Fault?. I guess there is no wrong decision when it happen already. Why? It’s already done! that’s it. Searching of who is wrong or right is not the point. There are teenagers who are weak in terms of decision making but they did not run from their responsibilities, on the otherhand there are also coward.
To continue living in this world we don’t stop in making decisions.
Teenage Pregnancy:Our Fault or Their Fault?. It’s not the elders fault nor the teenagers’ fault.
IT’S THEIR DECISION…

8th Philippine Robotics Olympiad held in SM North

Some of the brightest students from over 300 public and private schools nationwide went head-to-head at the 8th Philippine Robotics Olympiad (PRO) Wednesday and Friday, showcasing a wide array of robots that could perform a variety of tasks – from singing and dancing to braiding and etching – and that also looked good too while doing the tasks.

Held at the SM North Annex in Quezon City, the PRO encouraged students to come up with robots that were not just functional but also aesthetically pleasing, with points awarded to robots that performed tasks with “a synergy of artistry, ingenuity, and scientific flair.”

“The students have been able to bring a lot of creative elements into their work,” President and CEO of FELTA Multimedia Mylene Abiva said. “This comes at a very good time for the country, because the Philippines has been privileged to host the World Robot Olympiad in 2010,” she added.

FELTA is the main organizer of the PRO in partnership with the Science Education Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (SEI-DOST) with support from the Department of Education (DepEd).

2010 will be the year of phones that are really handheld computers

As 2010 draws nearer, techies can expect a key year for communication technology with Apple set to launch a new iPhone, Microsoft to launch its Microsoft Mobile 7, and there’s the Google Android 2 on the way.

Launched in China in October 2009, the Apple iPhone 3GS is now conquering the world’s most populous mobile phone market and is set for a great start to 2010. But Apple even now is already working on the phone’s next generation.

Matthew Bath, the technology editor of WHICH Magazine, says “You can’t escape the fact that the Apple iPhone has absolutely revolutionized this industry in two years and whatever Apple calls its next version, which should launch in about July 2010, it’s going to be probably still the most anticipated launch of the year” .

The iPhone is not without market rivals. Most notably, Google Android is now offering a competitive operating system, with key applications and gadgets. This will be expanded in 2010, with the launch of Android 2.0, also known as Eclair.

As well as being Bluetooth-capable, the new version will include the option to have multiple accounts on one device, a search function for saved text messages and multi-touch support for the virtual keyboard.

Microsoft Mobile, which will launch its Mobile 7 platform next year is another growing contender.

Downloadable software means you’ll be able to totally customize your phone. And with all these different software gaining popularity, it becomes simpler to check social networking sites from a mobile phone.

Facebook, Myspace and Twitter have all created applications for the various mobile platforms, which have proved to be a huge success.

“Mobile social networking is going to be a big story for 2010. These are mobile phones that are always connected to the Internet and they can pull together your Facebook, Myspace and Twitter feeds all into one interface so that you can constantly keep in touch with friends and family wherever you go,” says Bath.

Being able to check social networking sites on the go, as well as being constantly connected to the Internet, makes a mobile phone feel more like a mini computer these days. Phones like the Nokia N900, for example, enable users to have multiple applications running at the same time.

Luke Peters, deputy editor of T3 Magazine says that lots of phone companies will be aiming for increased processing speed in 2010.

Peters says: “I think another main area where mobile phones are going to grow in 2010 is the actual computing speed. Nokia recently said that they, with their new N900 phone, they don’t want it to be regarded as a mobile phone, they see it as a portable computer, that is a small, handheld computer, so with more processing speed, more RAM.”

This means, Peter explains, that these tiny handheld devices can act like normal desktop computers. “You can multitask applications, so you can write an email and then quickly switch to Spotify, and then quickly switch to an online image editing application. The more power that a mobile phone has, the more features and applications you will be able to take advantage of in 2010.”

A very popular application is Google Maps, which users can easily access on their mobile phones to find out their exact location. But it goes further than that, with the latest applications offering extra information which is directly linked to where you are.

Luke Peters refers to this concept as augmented reality.

“Augmented reality is an idea that came around really in the start of 2009 and allows, now that you can track wherever your phone is, whether it’s an iPhone 3G or a Google Android phone, it means that companies can layer information over realtime video to show you exactly what’s happening in your surroundings,” Peters says.

“So potentially you could be walking down the street and point your iPhone at a coffee shop and it would say well Starbucks is offering you a free coffee if you come in right now. Or if you’re traveling around a city and you want to know what a building is all about you can point your phone at the building and it will overlay real-time information just to give you some idea about your surroundings and where you are,” he explains.

There are also applications that help you locate your friends by sending you their location on a map.

Matthew Bath confirms that the emphasis is really on software next year. “Again 2010 is a story of software,” Bath says. “You’re going to see a big rise in downloadable stores that enable you to download software to totally customize your mobile phone, whether that’s finding out where you’ve parked your car to scanning barcodes in your local supermarket.”

But do people really make use of all these innovative applications?

Nicholas Davis says he mainly uses his Blackberry Bold’s satellite navigation function. Tony Taylor says his phone has a drum-kit application, which he really likes since he’s a musician.

But Taylor’s friend Dan Frasier-Betts says he has got the ultimate function on his phone. “My phone is a mirror,” he says and holds it up proudly. – AP

Love Detector device: can it help you find love?

At a bar in downtown Tel Aviv, people are “speed dating”—trying to find a love match within minutes. But how do you know when you’ve clicked with that special person? And, how do you know the feeling is mutual?

It’s the 21st century, and some believe modern technology has the answer. Amir Liberman, the CEO of Nemesysco, based in Netanya, Israel, says his company has the perfect device, called the Love Detector.

“The Love Detector will show on the screen signs of attraction, signs of, let’s call it the butterflies, … how happy the other person is to speak with you,” he says.

Nemesysco specializes in voice detection systems, mostly for security purposes to detect criminal intent. The Love Detector started off as a joke, but was developed into a software that detects emotion—and through that, attraction—via people’s voices.

When two people speak into the software—either through Internet telephony or by phone—the Love Detector analyses a regular conversation and spots excitement and arousal—or the lack thereof—to let you know if you should pursue further. It measures different parameters and then supplies the user with a report detailing its findings. If there is a match, a flower on the program will fill up with petals.

Psychologist Iris Solomon says it could be a useful tool for anyone who isn’t sure they can pick up on a connection. “Sometimes in speed dating, or on a blind date, people don’t know. Is there a match? Does she fit? Does he fit? Is he interested? Is she interested? A tool like this can be a backup to one’s own feelings.”

Regardless of whether it can detect a connection, Salomon says the Love Detector is a good ice breaker, helping people to start a conversation.

But at the Tel Aviv bar’s speed dating event, not everyone was convinced the device is the way forward.

Revital Solomon and Motty Houli, for example, spent seven minutes on this speed date. The Love Detector showed there was something of a connection. And Revital agreed. “It helps you. It helps that, well, if the machine is right, maybe I should give it a try. Why not?” she says.

But her date wasn’t so sure. “I guess I’m more superficial than the Love Detector. I guess she was very nice and we hit it off I guess mentally, but she’s not my type,” says Houli.

The device raises more questions about the role of technology in finding love. Internet dating is already a common way to find a match, but some may be uncomfortable with a machine determining a match. One thing the Love Detector may not pick up on is physical attraction.

“I think a machine is kind of giving you a false image, false perception of what it really is. How so? Well I think that, you know, you can never tell if it’s right or wrong… I suppose you kind of trust or put your faith in a machine. If the machine tells you it’s right and you want to believe in it, then you’ll believe in it,” says Jonny Eshel, a Tel Aviv resident.

His friend, Michelle Leigh, agrees the machine could be somewhat intrusive. “That is not natural. Like… you speak to people and you know the person. You don’t need all this,” says Leigh.

Others were more optimistic. “I think it would save a lot of time doing a lot of wasted interviewing,” says Nina Lemansky, sitting with her boyfriend at a Tel Aviv bar.

But, whether the Love Detector works or not, the feeling you get when you click with someone is undeniable. And couples know there’s nothing like the real thing.—AP

The Smart Voter: A guide to choosing candidates in the May elections

Five types of leaders in the hope that voters will be able to decide whether they will vote with their hearts, their stomachs, or their minds. Take your pick.

During last week’s forum at UP dubbed “Beyond 2010: Leadership for the Next Generation,” four professors of political science – Jose Abueva, Leonor Briones, Ebinezer Florano, and Edna Co from the UP National College of Public Administration and Governance – gave guidelines to voters on how to choose leaders wisely.

1. THE GENUINE GREEN LEADER

From the public to the private sphere, this leader is truly committed to environmental protection and does not get involved in tree-planting campaigns or climate change advocacy only for media hype. When you visit this leader’s residence, you will notice good waste disposal practices such as recycling and composting. Energy-saving compact fluorescents and/or LED (light-emitting diodes) are used instead of incandescent bulbs that increase carbon emissions.

Be warned: the political arena is full of “green washers” who package themselves as pro-environment leaders but are only green on the surface and rotten to the core. They wear Earth Day t-shirts but allow their monster vehicles to idle away while they give speeches in public fora, as one student observed in a recent UP forum.

These politicians may have also violated environmental laws, building holiday homes in small islands that cannot be privately owned or other ecologically sensitive areas. Because of their political influence, green washers may be keeping exotic or endangered animals as pets, despite the law that bans illegal wildlife trade.

If you want to vote green, Florano gives the following pointers that you need to know about a candidate: (1) knowledge on the current state of the environment (2) personal stand on various environmental issues (3) personal environmental values (4) track record on environmental protection issues, and (5) lifestyle.

Florano adds that the voter must be able to scrutinize the motivations of politicians by finding out if they are truly green achievers or simply green opportunists.

Appropriate adage:
“Global warming is one of those things, not like an earthquake where there’s a big bang and you say, ‘Oh, my God, this is really, has hit us.’ It creeps up on you. Half a degree temperature difference from one year to the next, a little bit of rise of the ocean, a little bit of melting of the glaciers, and then all of a sudden it is too late to do something about it.” – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Real green leaders:
British naturalist David Frederick Attenborough, gorilla conservationist Dian Fossey, American missionary John Chapman who became known as Johnny Appleseed after planting apple trees in the Midwest, and Kalinga tribal leader Macliing Dulag who was killed for opposing the Chico River Dam project

Reel green leader:
American cartoon hero Captain P

2. THE ECONOMICS SAVVY LEADER

“Susugpuin ko ang kahirapan…Ekonomiyang matatag, ‘yan ang pangako ko…tiyak, susulong tayo.” Beware of these motherhood statements from politicians who promise to fly you to the moon, but neglect to tell you who’s going to pay for the jet fuel.

The economics savvy leader would rather keep his feet on the ground, knowing that there’s no instant cure for a country suffering from an economic multiple sclerosis: P272 billion in deficit, P4.42 trillion in outstanding debt, and P74.38 billion in revenue shortfall.

You don’t just see this leader on the boob tube distributing relief goods or riding with rescuers on a boat to save people from flood-ridden areas. Like the green leader, the economics savvy leader offers lasting and out-of-the box solutions to disasters caused by natural calamities such as “Ondoy” and “Pepeng,” which are expected to recur due to climate change.

If this is the kind of leader you want, Briones advises you to make sure that the candidate: (1) has clear and viable programs for addressing the critical condition of public finance particularly on taxation, revenue, deficits, and debts and (2) is prepared to present programs on how to provide social services such as education, food, health care and housing that lead to long-lasting development.

Appropriate adage:
“One of the greatest pieces of economic wisdom is know what you do not know” – John Kenneth Galbraith

Real economics savvy leaders:
Nobel-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz; the 32nd US president Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who led his country out of the Great Depression and World War II, industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, and Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh who founded the Grameen bank

Reel economics savvy leader:
Genius engineer Tony Stark aka Iron Man of Marvel Comics fame

3. THE INCORRUPTIBLE LEADER

Politicians who portray themselves as leaders with integrity will make you believe that their rags-to-riches story was the result of sheer hard work and perseverance. But if you review their statements of assets and liabilities, you may find a 300-percent increase in their net worth from the time they entered politics as a small-town mayor until they got elected to Congress.

You can also check what issues these politicians try to avoid at all cost. Do they have a personal stake in a controversial project, or can they explain how their names got involved in a scandal without making inconsistent statements? Honest leaders can raise a howl over issues without worrying about skeletons coming out of their political closets.

Leaders that are immune to temptation do not get drunk on money, fame, or power. Even when they face difficulties, they do not lose their moral compass and will always do the right thing for the greater good.

If you’re looking for an incorruptible candidate, Abueva says voters should check if their choice: (1) is transparent and truthful to constituents (2) can challenge and inspire citizens and other leaders to raise their goals to higher levels of morality, self-fulfillment and national progress, and (3) can inspire a change in the values and behavior of the public.

Appropriate adage:
“It is said that power corrupts, but actually it’s more true that power attracts the corruptible. The sane are usually attracted by other things than power.” – David Brin

Real incorruptible leaders:

Catholic nun Mother Teresa and India’s spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi

Reel incorruptible leader:
Wizard and orphan Harry Potter in J.K. Rowling’s fantasy series

4. THE ETHICAL LEADER

This is the kind of leader who will not employ questionable means to achieve an end, achieving goals not through treachery but truthfulness and persuasion. When they are found to have done something wrong, such leaders will voluntarily give up their posts because this is the right thing to do.

In 2007, Brazil’s Senate president Renan Calheiros resigned after a magazine reported that he had used funds from a lobbyist to pay for the child support of his daughter from an extramarital affair with a television journalist.

New York governor Eliot Spitzer did the same thing in 2008 after getting embroiled in an ethics scandal involving an alleged high-priced prostitution ring. Yoshitada Konoike, Japan’s deputy chief cabinet secretary, likewise resigned in 2009 after a magazine reported that he had used an official rail travel pass to take his mistress to a resort.

This may be a strange virtue in a society where many of the country’s politicians not only have one but several mistresses who benefit from public coffers. But there’s always room for change in the system.

Co says voters who want an ethical leader should find out if the candidate: (1) can demonstrate good moral character; (2) has a circle of associates who are people of integrity and are pro-reform; (3) is an advocate of meritocracy; (4) can prosecute and punish offenders; and (5) can be transparent in the use of public funds.

Appropriate adage:
“Cowardice asks the question, ‘Is it safe?’ Expediency asks the question, ‘Is it politic?’ Vanity asks the question, ‘Is it popular?’ But conscience asks the question, ‘Is it right?’ And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic,
nor popular but one must take it because one’s conscience tells one that it is right.” – Martin Luther King Jr.

Real ethical leader:
Lal Bahadur Shrivastav Shastri, third prime minister of India and a significant figure in the Indian Independence Movement who resigned from his earlier post as minister of railway and transport, accepting moral responsibility for a railway accident that killed 144 people

Reel ethical leader:
Wise counselor Gandalf in J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Lord of the Rings”

5. THE EMPOWERING LEADER

This is the type who will not monopolize decisions or manipulate the outcome of situations (and definitely not the result of elections). Such a leader is the antithesis of a dictator and is very much aware that a person who is stubborn, manipulative, and has a
lone-ranger mentality has no place in a society that values democracy.

The leader who empowers people values service and the transformation of society into a vehicle for positive change. Micro-managing is out of the question, as it stifles the growth and initiative of subordinates. Unlike the narcissistic leader, an empowering leader does not invite but rather deflects praise away from oneself.

While in Malacañang, Co says this leader is expected to: (1) involve stakeholders in decision-making; (2) promotes social justice; (3) consult both strong and marginalized peers, colleagues, and constituencies.

Appropriate adage:
“No man will make a great leader who wants to do it all himself, or to get all the credit for doing it” – Andrew Carnegie.

The Smart Voter: A guide to choosing candidates in the May elections

Five types of leaders in the hope that voters will be able to decide whether they will vote with their hearts, their stomachs, or their minds. Take your pick.

During last week’s forum at UP dubbed “Beyond 2010: Leadership for the Next Generation,” four professors of political science – Jose Abueva, Leonor Briones, Ebinezer Florano, and Edna Co from the UP National College of Public Administration and Governance – gave guidelines to voters on how to choose leaders wisely.

1. THE GENUINE GREEN LEADER

From the public to the private sphere, this leader is truly committed to environmental protection and does not get involved in tree-planting campaigns or climate change advocacy only for media hype. When you visit this leader’s residence, you will notice good waste disposal practices such as recycling and composting. Energy-saving compact fluorescents and/or LED (light-emitting diodes) are used instead of incandescent bulbs that increase carbon emissions.

Be warned: the political arena is full of “green washers” who package themselves as pro-environment leaders but are only green on the surface and rotten to the core. They wear Earth Day t-shirts but allow their monster vehicles to idle away while they give speeches in public fora, as one student observed in a recent UP forum.

These politicians may have also violated environmental laws, building holiday homes in small islands that cannot be privately owned or other ecologically sensitive areas. Because of their political influence, green washers may be keeping exotic or endangered animals as pets, despite the law that bans illegal wildlife trade.

If you want to vote green, Florano gives the following pointers that you need to know about a candidate: (1) knowledge on the current state of the environment (2) personal stand on various environmental issues (3) personal environmental values (4) track record on environmental protection issues, and (5) lifestyle.

Florano adds that the voter must be able to scrutinize the motivations of politicians by finding out if they are truly green achievers or simply green opportunists.

Appropriate adage:
“Global warming is one of those things, not like an earthquake where there’s a big bang and you say, ‘Oh, my God, this is really, has hit us.’ It creeps up on you. Half a degree temperature difference from one year to the next, a little bit of rise of the ocean, a little bit of melting of the glaciers, and then all of a sudden it is too late to do something about it.” – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Real green leaders:
British naturalist David Frederick Attenborough, gorilla conservationist Dian Fossey, American missionary John Chapman who became known as Johnny Appleseed after planting apple trees in the Midwest, and Kalinga tribal leader Macliing Dulag who was killed for opposing the Chico River Dam project

Reel green leader:
American cartoon hero Captain Planet

2. THE ECONOMICS SAVVY LEADER

“Susugpuin ko ang kahirapan…Ekonomiyang matatag, ‘yan ang pangako ko…tiyak, susulong tayo.” Beware of these motherhood statements from politicians who promise to fly you to the moon, but neglect to tell you who’s going to pay for the jet fuel.

The economics savvy leader would rather keep his feet on the ground, knowing that there’s no instant cure for a country suffering from an economic multiple sclerosis: P272 billion in deficit, P4.42 trillion in outstanding debt, and P74.38 billion in revenue shortfall.

You don’t just see this leader on the boob tube distributing relief goods or riding with rescuers on a boat to save people from flood-ridden areas. Like the green leader, the economics savvy leader offers lasting and out-of-the box solutions to disasters caused by natural calamities such as “Ondoy” and “Pepeng,” which are expected to recur due to climate change.

If this is the kind of leader you want, Briones advises you to make sure that the candidate: (1) has clear and viable programs for addressing the critical condition of public finance particularly on taxation, revenue, deficits, and debts and (2) is prepared to present programs on how to provide social services such as education, food, health care and housing that lead to long-lasting development.

Appropriate adage:
“One of the greatest pieces of economic wisdom is know what you do not know” – John Kenneth Galbraith

Real economics savvy leaders:
Nobel-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz; the 32nd US president Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who led his country out of the Great Depression and World War II, industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, and Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh who founded the Grameen bank

Reel economics savvy leader:
Genius engineer Tony Stark aka Iron Man of Marvel Comics fame

3. THE INCORRUPTIBLE LEADER

Politicians who portray themselves as leaders with integrity will make you believe that their rags-to-riches story was the result of sheer hard work and perseverance. But if you review their statements of assets and liabilities, you may find a 300-percent increase in their net worth from the time they entered politics as a small-town mayor until they got elected to Congress.

You can also check what issues these politicians try to avoid at all cost. Do they have a personal stake in a controversial project, or can they explain how their names got involved in a scandal without making inconsistent statements? Honest leaders can raise a howl over issues without worrying about skeletons coming out of their political closets.

Leaders that are immune to temptation do not get drunk on money, fame, or power. Even when they face difficulties, they do not lose their moral compass and will always do the right thing for the greater good.

If you’re looking for an incorruptible candidate, Abueva says voters should check if their choice: (1) is transparent and truthful to constituents (2) can challenge and inspire citizens and other leaders to raise their goals to higher levels of morality, self-fulfillment and national progress, and (3) can inspire a change in the values and behavior of the public.

Appropriate adage:
“It is said that power corrupts, but actually it’s more true that power attracts the corruptible. The sane are usually attracted by other things than power.” – David Brin

Real incorruptible leaders:

Catholic nun Mother Teresa and India’s spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi

Reel incorruptible leader:
Wizard and orphan Harry Potter in J.K. Rowling’s fantasy series

4. THE ETHICAL LEADER

This is the kind of leader who will not employ questionable means to achieve an end, achieving goals not through treachery but truthfulness and persuasion. When they are found to have done something wrong, such leaders will voluntarily give up their posts because this is the right thing to do.

In 2007, Brazil’s Senate president Renan Calheiros resigned after a magazine reported that he had used funds from a lobbyist to pay for the child support of his daughter from an extramarital affair with a television journalist.

New York governor Eliot Spitzer did the same thing in 2008 after getting embroiled in an ethics scandal involving an alleged high-priced prostitution ring. Yoshitada Konoike, Japan’s deputy chief cabinet secretary, likewise resigned in 2009 after a magazine reported that he had used an official rail travel pass to take his mistress to a resort.

This may be a strange virtue in a society where many of the country’s politicians not only have one but several mistresses who benefit from public coffers. But there’s always room for change in the system.

Co says voters who want an ethical leader should find out if the candidate: (1) can demonstrate good moral character; (2) has a circle of associates who are people of integrity and are pro-reform; (3) is an advocate of meritocracy; (4) can prosecute and punish offenders; and (5) can be transparent in the use of public funds.

Appropriate adage:
“Cowardice asks the question, ‘Is it safe?’ Expediency asks the question, ‘Is it politic?’ Vanity asks the question, ‘Is it popular?’ But conscience asks the question, ‘Is it right?’ And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic,
nor popular but one must take it because one’s conscience tells one that it is right.” – Martin Luther King Jr.

Real ethical leader:
Lal Bahadur Shrivastav Shastri, third prime minister of India and a significant figure in the Indian Independence Movement who resigned from his earlier post as minister of railway and transport, accepting moral responsibility for a railway accident that killed 144 people

Reel ethical leader:
Wise counselor Gandalf in J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Lord of the Rings”

5. THE EMPOWERING LEADER

This is the type who will not monopolize decisions or manipulate the outcome of situations (and definitely not the result of elections). Such a leader is the antithesis of a dictator and is very much aware that a person who is stubborn, manipulative, and has a
lone-ranger mentality has no place in a society that values democracy.

The leader who empowers people values service and the transformation of society into a vehicle for positive change. Micro-managing is out of the question, as it stifles the growth and initiative of subordinates. Unlike the narcissistic leader, an empowering leader does not invite but rather deflects praise away from oneself.

While in Malacañang, Co says this leader is expected to: (1) involve stakeholders in decision-making; (2) promotes social justice; (3) consult both strong and marginalized peers, colleagues, and constituencies.

Appropriate adage:
“No man will make a great leader who wants to do it all himself, or to get all the credit for doing it” – Andrew Carnegie.

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